Lesson 11
Sofia U tebe ye braty abo sestry? Do you have brothers or sisters?
John Tak! U mene ye odyn brat i odna sestra. Yes! I have one brother and one sister.
Sofia Tviy brat student? Is your brother a student?
John Ni, vin pratsyuye. Vin menedzher. No, he works. He is a manager.
Sofia A tvoya sestra studentka? And is your sister a student?
John Tak! Vona vchytsya v universyteti. Yes! She studies at university.
A u tebe ye braty abo sestry? And do you have brothers or sisters?
Sofia U mene nemaye sestry ale ye dva braty. I have no sisters, but I have two brothers.
Odyn starshyy brat, i odyn molodshyy brat. One older brother, and one younger brother.

Grammar Notes

As with the expression of possession in general, there are two ways to express that one has siblings.

    The U mene form. As in: U mene ye brat , literally [In me there-is brother] The Ya mayu form. As in: Ya mayu brata, literally [I have brother]
It is more typical to use the first form. Thus to express [I have one brother and one sister], Ukrainians say:

U mene ye odyn brat i odna sestra.

To express that one does not have a sibling, use the word nemaye, which means [there is not].

U mene nemaye brat means [I dont have a brother].

U tebe ye braty abo sestry? is the informal version of the question, [Do you have any brothers or sisters?]. Note that this sentence translates literally to [In you there are brothers or sisters?].