|Sofia|| Pryvit, Dzhone. |
|John|| Pryvit, Sofiye. |
|Sofia|| Shcho ty robyv na vyxidnyx? |
what you did on weekend
|What did you do over the weekend?|
|John|| Ya yizdyv v Karpaty! |
I went in Carpathians
|I went to the Carpathians!|
| Ya vidvidav selo, de narodyvsya miy did! |
I visited village where was-born my grandfather
|I visited the village where my grandfather was born!|
| Ya kupavsya/plavav v richtsi i probuvav horilku. |
I swam in river and tried horilka
|I swam in the rivers and tried the horilka (vodka).|
|Sofia|| Harno! |
|John|| Sofiye, shcho ty robyla na vyxidnyx? |
Sofia what you did on weekend
|Sofia, what did you do over the weekend?|
|Sofia|| Ya bula vdoma. |
I was at-home
|I was at home.|
| Ya chytala knyhu, dyvylasya televizor. |
I read book watched television
|I read a book, and watched television.|
| Ya takozh dyvylasya film v kino. |
I also watched movie in cinema
|I also watched a movie in the movie theater.|
When forming the past tense in Ukrainian, we add one of two endings, depending on whether the performer of the past action is male or female.
Verbs where the action is performed by males end in -v
Verbs where the action is performed by females end in -la
If you are asking a man what he did over the weekend, you would say:
Shcho ty robyv na vyxidnyx?
If you are asking a woman what she did over the weekend, you would say:
Shcho ty robyla na vyxidnyx?
Additionally, if you want to say: [I read a book], what you say depends on whether you are a man or a woman.
ya chytav knyhu, if you are a man.
Ya chytala knyhu, if you are a woman.