Lesson 22
Sofia Pryvit, Dzhone. Hi, John.
John Pryvit, Sofiye. Hi, Sofia.
Sofia Shcho ty robyv na vyxidnyx? What did you do over the weekend?
John Ya yizdyv v Karpaty! I went to the Carpathians!
Ya vidvidav selo, de narodyvsya miy did! I visited the village where my grandfather was born!
Ya kupavsya/plavav v richtsi i probuvav horilku. I swam in the rivers and tried the horilka (vodka).
Sofia Harno! Nice!
John Sofiye, shcho ty robyla na vyxidnyx? Sofia, what did you do over the weekend?
Sofia Ya bula vdoma. I was at home.
Ya chytala knyhu, dyvylasya televizor. I read a book, and watched television.
Ya takozh dyvylasya film v kino. I also watched a movie in the movie theater.

Grammar Notes

When forming the past tense in Ukrainian, we add one of two endings, depending on whether the performer of the past action is male or female.

Verbs where the action is performed by males end in -v

Verbs where the action is performed by females end in -la

If you are asking a man what he did over the weekend, you would say:
Shcho ty robyv na vyxidnyx?

If you are asking a woman what she did over the weekend, you would say:
Shcho ty robyla na vyxidnyx?

Additionally, if you want to say: [I read a book], what you say depends on whether you are a man or a woman.

ya chytav knyhu, if you are a man.
Ya chytala knyhu, if you are a woman.