|Maryanna|| Pryvit, Dzhone! |
|John|| Pryvit, Marianno! |
| Shcho ty robysh sohodni? |
what you you-do today
|What are you doing today?|
|Maryanna|| Sohodni ya chytayu knyhu. A ty? |
today I read book and you
|Today, I am reading a book. And you?|
|John|| Sohodni, ya pidu do universytetu. |
today I will-go to university
|Today, I will go to the university.|
| Tam ya vchu ukrayinsku movu. |
there I learn Ukrainian language
|There I study Ukrainian language.|
|Maryanna|| Ty xodysh do universytetu kozhen den? |
you go to university each day
|Do you go to the university every day?|
|John|| Tak. Kozhen den mayu uroky. |
yes each day have lessons
|Yes, every day, I have lessons.|
|Maryanna|| Tviy universytet daleko vid tsentru? |
your university far from center
|Is your university far from the center?|
|John|| Ni, miy universytet duzhe blyzko do tsentru. |
no my university very close to center
|No, my university is very close to the center.|
Ukrainian differs from English in how the future tense is formed. There is no exact equivalent to the English word [will] to express the future. To express that an action will be performed in the future, special verbs called "perfective verbs" are used to express that an action will be performed in the future.
ya pidu do universytetu. means [I will go to university]. In this sentence, the perfective verb pidu means [will go].
In contrast to perfective verbs there are also imperfective verbs that express that an action is performed regularly. Consider the following sentence,
Ty xodysh do universytetu kozhen den?
In this sentence, the imperfective verb xodysh means [go] in the sense of [go regularly] or [go multiple times].